The purpose of the study is to capture the presence of women in leadership in primary and secondary education in Greece, through the investigations of recent researches and detect of obstacles or the various parameters that lead women to assert or not one staff position in the leadership of public education. Central research hypothesis focus on the fact that women do not take initiatives to advance their career due to various factors related to their gender or family obligations and treated differently than their male colleagues when they decide it. A review of Greek bibliography has highlighted the low participation in claiming high administrative positions, the crowding in the lower levels of education or in so-called female occupations. It also brought to the surface the obstacles encountered by women on their way to leadership. In summary, although the Greek society has evolved and at least in the professional sector, made a great effort to remove barriers based on the distinction between the sexes, however, there is still discrimination, which is unconscious and is the result of dominant social perceptions.