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This article attempts at a theoretical level to compare in the context of adult education the characteristics of two seemingly completely opposite theories, those of transformative learning and behaviorism, in terms of the learning process, teaching, the role of the educator and the learner. The ultimate goal of this comparison is to make clear at the end the need for the adult educator to combine these two theories. This, after all, is the reason why the specific educational theories were chosen for comparison, that is, to make it clear that, despite their many existing contradictions, due to which one could reasonably assume at first glance that they are completely incompatible with each other, Their didactic accompaniment becomes, as will be seen at the end, most of the time necessary. This necessity is supplemented by the research part of the article where an attempt is made through a qualitative research in thirteen adult educators to investigate which of the two theories adult educators move towards based on four main pillars of education, which is also the main research question.

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